Technology Glossary

ArNi

‌‌ArNi® is a type of wire created by Shunyata Research designed to be the finest quality wire available for audio purposes. It begins with the highest purity of copper available – OFE C10100 or Ohno (single crystal). Then it is formed in virtual hollow tubes eliminating skin effects and eddy current distortions. In addition, the wire undergoes our proprietary KPIP™ process.

Balanced XLR

Many manufacturers use the same cable for both RCA and XLR cables.  Single-Ended and Balanced signal transmission is fundamentally different and each requires a different cable design for optimal signal transmission and minimal RFI/EMI interference.  All Shunyata Research cables are specifically designed for each type of signal interface.  A coaxial design is best for single-ended connections while a shielded twisted pair design is best for balanced connections.

CCC

Shunyata Research operates its own on-site ‌Cryogenics International Computer Controlled Cryogenic plant. Liquid nitrogen is used to reduce the temperature of the contents to -320 degrees Fahrenheit. The computer monitors and lowers the temperature by a single degree at a time to prevent thermal shock. We use this process to improve the performance of wire, conductors, connectors and terminals that are used in our power products and signal cabling.

CCI

‌‌CCI™ filters have the unique ability to reduce component-generated power line noise without inhibiting DTCD® (dynamic transient current delivery). This unique filter element prevents power line noise from one component contaminating the other adjacent electronic components. Shunyata Research’s ‌‌CCI™ filter modules consist of proprietary multi-stage filters that reduce power supply-generated noise without the use of heavy transformers, coils or large capacitors.

CGS

The ‌CGS (‌‌Chassis Grounding System) is an internal ground-buss that uses patented NIC™ technology to reduce ground plane noise. ‌‌CGS provides a common grounding point and extends the noise reduction capability of the power conditioner’s internal NICs to other electronic components. ‌‌CGS helps to minimize inter-component voltage differences between component chassis and may reduce the hum associated with ground loops.

Shunyata's CMode tech icon

Common-node noise is different than differential noise and is much more difficult to measure and eliminate. For the purest signal possible, Shunyata Research has developed a CMode filter that effectively reduces common-mode noise without introducing the sonic compression effects associated with conventional filters. It reduces high-frequency noise distortion while delivering an analog ease and palpable background silence that closes the gap between digital and analog systems. – Reduces common-mode noise

CopperCONN

Many audiophile grade connectors are made from brass or bronze. While some may get a plating of silver, gold or rhodium, the majority of the current is carried by the contact’s base-metal. ‌CopperCONN® connectors contain pure copper contacts which has a much higher conductivity that brass. The difference in performance is clearly audible.

Distributed Power

‌Distributed Power Conditioning is a solution developed by Shunyata Research to solve the problems associated with power line noise in large, complex entertainment systems. Entertainment and pro-audio systems may include multiple electronic components that may be located in multiple locations making it impossible to use a single-box power conditioner solution.
Shunyata Research solves this problem by intercepting noise at several power line entry and exit points in the entertainment system. System-wide CCI™ interference can be significantly improved by using a combination of noise reduction products including; power conditioners, NR power cords and small outlet filters.

DTCD

DTCD® Analysis is a proprietary measurement technique developed to measure instantaneous current flow through very low impedance electrical conductors and contacts. It is used to optimize the design of electrical parts and materials, ensuring optimal instantaneous current delivery. ‌‌DTCD® Analysis gives Shunyata Research a clear competitive advantage in the design and development of high performance power delivery products.
For more info read our technology guide.

2022 Fluorocarbon Dielectrics tech icon

Fluorocarbon dielectrics are usually only found in wire used in the aerospace industry, satellites and only the most expensive audiophile cabling. It has special electrical characteristics; very low dielectric absorption, high dielectric strength and exceptional heat resistance.  When used in audio and power cables is reduces the perception of dynamic compression and it improves sonic low-level resolution and clarity.

Crystal clear transient detail.

HARP

‌HARP was discovered through Gabriel’s research into ‘current drift’ and audio frequency current resonances that occur in speaker cables. Theoretically, a speaker cable may develop current resonances in the audio band, being roughly analogous to standing waves (modals) in room acoustics. The ‌‌HARP module acts as a current mode diffraction device that breaks up these resonances, improving the perceived resolution and coherency of the system.

2022 Hybrid TAP CMode tech icon

For the purest signal possible, Shunyata Research has combined its patent-pending TAP technology (trans-axial polarizer) and CMode filter (common mode filtering technology) into a single hybrid module. The TAP polarizer reduces polarization distortion while the CMode filter simultaneously reduces high-frequency noise distortion, delivering analog ease and palpable background silence that will close the gap between digital and analog front-end performance.

Iso Footer

Power distributors react very similarly to power amplifiers in their sensitivity to vibration. Using the Shunyata vibration analyzer, Caelin Gabriel developed the Shunyata ‌‌Isolation Footer, which possesses excellent measured vibration dampening characteristics. Shunyata Research also produces several SSF (stainless steel feet) that employ energy absorbing polymers. (Note: SSF feet are standard on some models and optionally available on others)

KPIP

KPIP™ (‌‌Kinetic Phase Inversion Process) was developed by Caelin Gabriel after years of research into the underlying causes of various effects such as burn-in, wire directionality and the effects of cryogentic treatment. He discovered that there was an underlying core principle that burn-in and cryogenics only “partially” addressed. Once the governing principle was understood it became possible to create a processing technique and machine that could virtually eliminate the need for burn-in and cryogenic treatment.

NIC

The ‌‌NIC™ (‌‌Noise Isolation Chamber) is a patented Shunyata Research device that reduces high frequency power line noise. It employs a ferroelectric substance that actually absorbs high frequency noise without any of the reactive negatives associated with transformers and large capacitors as used in conventional power conditioners.

~ Patent US 8,658,892 ~

OFE 101

Shunyata Research uses only the highest purity of copper available for the production of its wire products. ‌‌OFE Alloy 101 or ‌‌C10100 is the highest grade of copper with a minimum 99.99% purity and a conductivity rating of 101% IACS. OFE stands for oxygen-free electrolytic and supersedes the term OFHC (oxygen-free high conductivity). ‌‌C10100 is the only grade of copper that comes with a written certification of purity. Certified by ASTM F68 ‌‌C10100.

Ohno

‌Ohno wire, also called ‌PCOCC was invented in 1986 by professor Atsumi ‌Ohno of the Chiba Institute of Technology in Japan. Copper wire is created by an extrusion process that pulls a rod of cold copper through a small orifice which creates multiple crystalline boundaries. By contrast, ‌‌Ohno wire is made by a process using heated molds that cast a wire to form a single crystalline structure. ‌‌Ohno wire is well known for its exceptionally pure, grain-free sonic qualities.

PMZ

Shunyata Research digital cables are produced using a ‌Precision Matched Z (‌‌PMZ) concept. This means that tolerances of the conductor surface, dielectric extrusion, and the precision of the braided shield are held to minute variances. To achieve these tight tolerances, the extrusion and braiding machines must be run at one-quarter speed during the manufacturing process. The result is better performance through a reduction of cable-induced ‘signal jitter’. (Note: Z means impedance)

QRBB

The ‌‌QR/BB™ is a patented device which dramatically enhances the perception of dynamic impact and timing when connected to amplifiers or other high-current electronics. The ‌‌QR/BB™ is unique in that it provides a local reserve of energy, or Coulomb charge, that mitigates the inductive reactance of the AC power line without using coils, transformers or capacitors. The ‌‌QR/BB™ acts as an instantaneous energy reserve when placed in-line with an AC power supply.

— Patent Number: US 10,031,536 —

Single-Ended

Many manufacturers use the same cable for both RCA and XLR cables.  ‌Single-Ended and Balanced signal transmission is fundamentally different and each requires a different cable design for optimal signal transmission and minimal RFI/EMI interference.  All Shunyata Research cables are specifically designed for each type of signal interface.  A coaxial design is best for ‌single-ended connections while a shielded twisted pair design is best for balanced connections.

Sonic Welding

Crimping, soldering, brazing and cold soldering are all inferior methods of joining two wires or terminals together. ‌‌Sonic welding uses high energy sonic waves to literally join two metals together at a molecular level. There is no solder or intermediary metals involved in the process.

STIS

The ‌STIS™ speaker terminal system was designed to eliminate the high cost and complication of speaker cable termination. The system makes it possible to use the same speaker cable with a variety of different amps and speakers. If a spade is damaged, you can simply replace it without sending it to the factory for re-termination. ‌‌STIS™ interchangeable terminals have undergone extensive user listening tests to insure that they provide the finest audio performance that is equal or superior to non-replaceable, soldered terminals.

STIS v3 Tech Icon

Shunyata Research's ‌STIS™ v3 is the most evolved interchangeable terminal system in existence due to their performance and ease of use. The STIS v3  interchangeable banana and spade terminals are culled from solid tellurian copper for the ultimate in connectivity, then plated with pure gold to protect the copper for a lifetime of trouble free operation. In terms of performance and ease of use. STISv3 offers all the performance of fixed connectors yet delivers endless flexibility by allowing the end user to change connectors on the fly based on the system and connections being used.

TAP Polarizer

‌TAP (‌‌Transverse Axial Polarizer) is a device that interacts with the electromagnetic field generated by the signal traveling along the signal cable. ‌‌TAP improves the sonic performance of the cable by modifying the behavior of the electromagnetic wave that surrounds the signal cable. In effect, the ‌‌TAP blocks longitudinal-oriented waves while passing transverse-oriented waves. The effect in sonic terms is like using polarized sunglasses to reduce reflected sunlight. Correcting polarization micro-distortion reduces what some call sonic glare.
~ Patent Pending ~

Trivial Parts

Ring terminals, spades, bolts and washers that are used to connect internal wiring, terminals and switches are good examples of parts that are considered “‌‌Trivial Parts” by some engineers. Shunyata Research actually designs and makes a wide variety of these small parts using pure copper instead of tinned brass. Such a level of attention to even the smallest details is what distinguishes every Shunyata Research product.

Vibration Isolation

After years of research into the negative effects of vibration, Shunyata Research developed its own ‌vibration isolation using sub-miniature accelerometers that accurately measures the effects of floor and airborne sound waves. We use it in the development of vibration absorbing materials such as energy absorbing footers, AC outlet gaskets and chassis dampeners that reduce resonant vibration. Recognizing that vibration control is important to overall performance, our chassis are made with optimally dampened steel and aluminum, rather than plastic or thin-wall sheet metals.

VTX

Shunyata Research’s exclusive ‌VTX™ conductors are made in the shape of virtual tubes. The core of the conductor is completely hollow minimizing skin effects and random eddy currents. They are produced using OFE Alloy-101.

VTX-ag

Shunyata’s VTX-Ag cables are uniquely constructed with both an inner, center conductor made of pure silver and an outer concentric ring conductor made of pure copper. It’s made using the finest fluorocarbon insulation to minimize dielectric absorption and re-radiation which translates to an improvement in resolution and clarity. VTX-Ag delivers the speed and clarity of silver and the midrange warmth and three dimensional power in the lower octaves of copper without imparting any of the negatives associated with either metal. – The best qualities of silver and copper combined

ZrCa 2000

The ‌ZrCa-2000 is a proprietary compound, used in NICs, that absorbs and dissipates high-frequency noise when used in power conditioners or power supplies. The ‌ZrCa-2000 materials are ferroelectric, crystalline materials that act on the electric field similar to the manner in which ferrite (ferrous metals) acts on the magnetic field. Both absorb high frequency noise; however, the ‌ZrCa-2000™ compounds do so without the negative sonic side effects commonly associated with the use of ferrite in an audio system.
~ Patents US 8,658,892 and US 6,242,689 ~

Etron

‌ΞTRON® is a technology developed by Shunyata Research that prevents dielectric absorption and re-radiation in signal transmission. It requires a special type of conductor that has two signal paths and an electric field compensation circuit that creates a cancellation signal that prevents the insulation from developing a charge. ‌ΞTRON® cables preserve the integrity of the source signal even when using very long runs of cable.
US Patent: US8912436B2 // China Patent: ZL2011800473442 // German Patent: 601011046558.9 // UK Patent: 2622612

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